Penalties and Interest for Non-Compliance with Vietnam Tax Laws

As a foreign business operating in Vietnam, it’s crucial to understand the consequences of failing to comply with the country’s tax laws. At, we’ve seen firsthand how non-compliance can lead to severe penalties and interest charges. In this article, we’ll break down what you need to know to avoid these costly mistakes.

Meeting with a tax advisor: Discussing tax compliance to avoid penalties.

Understanding Vietnam’s Tax Laws

Vietnam’s tax laws are complex and ever-changing. The country has a variety of taxes, including:

  • Corporate Income Tax (CIT)
  • Value Added Tax (VAT)
  • Personal Income Tax (PIT)
  • Foreign Contractor Tax (FCT)

Each tax has its own set of rules and regulations, and failing to comply with any of them can result in penalties and interest charges.

Penalties for Non-Compliance

If your business fails to comply with Vietnam’s tax laws, you could face a range of penalties, including:

Late payment penalty0.03% per day on the outstanding tax amount
Understatement penalty20% of the understated tax amount
Tax evasion penalty1-3 times the evaded tax amount

These penalties can add up quickly, especially if you’re not aware of your non-compliance until months or even years have passed.

Interest Charges for Non-Compliance

In addition to penalties, your business may also be subject to interest charges on outstanding tax amounts. The current interest rate for late payment of taxes is 0.03% per day, which can add up to a significant amount over time.

Vietnamese business tax interest: 0.03% per day can add up quickly.

For example, let’s say your business owes 100 million VND in corporate income tax. If you’re 30 days late in paying this tax, you’ll owe an additional 90,000 VND in interest charges (100,000,000 VND x 0.03% x 30 days).

How to Avoid Penalties and Interest Charges

The best way to avoid penalties and interest charges is to ensure that your business is fully compliant with Vietnam’s tax laws. This means:

  • Registering your business with the tax authorities
  • Filing tax returns and making payments on time
  • Keeping accurate financial records
  • Using a reputable accounting firm to handle your taxes

At, we’ve seen too many businesses struggle with the consequences of non-compliance. That’s why we always recommend working with a trusted partner who can help you navigate Vietnam’s complex tax laws.

Tax Incentives and Exemptions for Businesses in Vietnam

While non-compliance with Vietnam’s tax laws can lead to costly penalties and interest charges, the country also offers a range of tax incentives and exemptions for businesses. These incentives are designed to attract foreign investment and support the growth of key industries.

Wind turbine with tax document: Highlighting tax exemptions for businesses in key industries like renewable energy.

Some of the main types of tax incentives available in Vietnam include CIT exemptions, preferential CIT rates, import duty exemptions, and VAT exemptions. These incentives are applicable to various sectors such as high-tech industries, agricultural projects, infrastructure projects, education, healthcare, projects in industrial zones, and export-oriented projects.

CIT exemptions typically last for 4 years from the first profitable year, followed by a 50% reduction for the next 5-9 years. Preferential CIT rates range from 10-17% for 10-15 years, with a 5% rate for high-tech projects in specific locations. Import duty exemptions apply to equipment, machinery, raw materials, and specialized means of transportation.

By taking advantage of these incentives, your business can significantly reduce its tax burden and improve its bottom line. However, it’s important to work with a knowledgeable partner to ensure that you’re fully complying with the requirements for each incentive.

Read more about Tax Incentives and Exemptions for Businesses in Vietnam

At, we’re committed to helping foreign businesses succeed in Vietnam. If you have any questions about penalties and interest for non-compliance with Vietnam’s tax laws, or if you’d like to learn more about available tax incentives and exemptions, please don’t hesitate to contact us via phone, Zalo, or WhatsApp. Our team of experts is always ready to provide the clear, detailed advice you need to make informed decisions for your business.

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